Limited local economy Village economic isolation Contained village economy
Although small rural communities need to relate their market economies to those of the district, national and global economies, they frequently have no way of doing so. There is often no regular, inexpensive transport to the market; therefore little cash comes into the village economy. Services such as boat and house building, land cropping and fishing are often given free rather than as income earning ventures, leaving the village with an exchange of services, but no cash to transfer in the economy. Money which does enter the village is often circulated immediately outside the community for petrol, transport, groceries or luxury items, leaving a constant cash deficit.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.