There is considerable residency turn-over and lack of clarity on land title legality in some rural communities, where village land and the surrounding areas are owned both by farmers who have inherited their farms and by relatively new owners who have recently purchased land. Many of the latter group are not as yet integrated into the life of the community and often function as absentee land holders. As a result, tracts of land go unutilized. In addition, villages are usually formed as an unplanned clustering of houses with an emphasis on individual private dwellings rather than on public space for community use. Community facilities, such as a post offices, schools and health centres, are placed without an apparent overall plan or consideration for internal traffic flow. These factors serve to diminish the ability of residents to determine the way in which their community takes shape and give them the impression that they have no influence in determining their own destiny.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.