Poor geographical location for development Malpositioned industrial sites Inadequate industrial access Unlikely development reputation Unprepared industrial sites Unavailable commercial sites Inadequate industrial space
Economic development in scattered populations tends to be hampered because of the limited availability of the factors required for the expansion of industry and business. In spite of long-range development strategies, prime land remains unavailable or overpriced and there is an absence of building sites for establishing businesses. In addition, an undeveloped market characterized by small populations and long distances from other potential markets deflates enthusiasm for new commercial enterprises. For many, the desertification, drought, erosion and flood caused by traditional 'development'--in the form of mining, cutting down forests, constructing massive waterworks to provide irrigation--are too high a price to pay for the dubious benefits received.
A third of India's 266 million hectares of agricultural land has been turned into wasteland by erosion, waterlogging of salinity--the ill effects of deforestation and modern irrigation.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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