Other Names: Secular humanism
Nature: Humanism is a scientific philosophy that rejects all supernaturalism and relies primarily on reason and science, democracy and human compassion.
Claim: Humanism is a doctrinaire collection of social goals justified by an arbitrary and dogmatic materialist-atheist world view. Humanism starts with the belief that there is no god and no creative force, no soul or any form of life after death; that the traditional religions are doctrines and methods which have lost their significance, and which are powerless to solve the problems of human living in the Twentieth Century. With evolution culminating in humankind as a cornerstone of humanistic philosophy, it is anthropocentric and uses human needs as the sufficient basis for any value system; in doing so it fails to acknowledge the value of animals, plants and the inanimate and non-material world by which humanity is surrounded and supported. Humanists believe in situation ethics, including euthanasia and the right to suicide, and their primary goal is the establishment of a one-world government.
Counter Claim: It is absolutely essential to continue to express the impact of rational and scientific analysis on modern life and thought. There is no cosmic guarantee of human values. Religion must formulate its hopes and plans in the light of the scientific spirit and method or it has no modern relevance. Humanism is committed to the preservation of freedom of and from belief systems and to the maximizing of the human person. There is no missionary call to convert, but a stand to be taken against sloppy thinking, against pseudoscience, against the imposition of ancient mythic interpretations on modern life and living, against the efforts to impose religious teachings and interpretations on society, against anything that inhibits freedom for all.
Problem Type: F: Fuzzy exceptional problems
Date of last update 01.01.2000 – 00:00 CET