Uncritical preference for expensive medical treatments
In 1990, about two-thirds of the 150,000 American patients who received clot-dissolving therapy after a heart attack received a drug called TPA (tissue plasminogen activator). It costs $2,200 a dose and in 1991 had grossed sales of $210 million. Another drug, streptokinase, which two studies show is equally effective in saving lives, costs under $300 (most hospitals get discounts to as low as $76). Had all the patients been given streptokinase, about $200 million would have been saved. Seldom, many doctors say, has the extra benefit of one treatment over another seemed so small and the cost difference so large as in the case of these two drugs. One major difference is the manufacturers of TPA was launched on a hugh amount of publicity, which has been maintained; it manufacturers maintain one of the five largest sales and marketing force which calls only on hospitals. There were repeated examples of more positive evaluations of TPA by scientists with relationships with the manufacturer of TPA compared with scientist without such relationships. A new competitor has opted for the high price, heavy marketing strategy.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.