Loss of land to plantations Discouragement of food crops guaranteeing survival Proliferation of cash crops Single cash crop Non-diversification of market crops Export cropping
Although it is generally agreed that diversifying the crops produced by a community is necessary in order to maintain steady annual income, most rural communities raise only a few, or often a single, cash crop. This is generally because its easy marketability and stable price continue to provide the villagers with a basic income. There is deep apprehension of the risks involved in starting new crops when no-one is sure they can be grown or marketed, despite the fact that sometimes the cost of marketing what is produced at present virtually wipes out any profit, keeping family income at a subsistence level.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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