Nature: Zealous activity to halt or reverse the spread of communism, derived from profound fear and a sense of moral obligation to uphold capitalism, may be practised by staunchly capitalistic countries where there is little socialist challenge, or by fascist regimes where there has been a strong communist challenge. In the latter case, the ideal is not so much to uphold capitalism as to make use of it for extreme right-wing authoritarian 'National-socialist' aims.
Claim: Communism may be suppressed internally with censorship, intimidation, espionage and other methods. Externally it may lead to cold-war, or actual war; to the use of propaganda, and of trade, military and other agreements to influence other countries; to intervention and coercion. These tactics may be totally successful or they may promote weak dependent or puppet governments. Alternatively they may encourage broad sympathy for communism, especially among youth, where it might not have otherwise existed.
Counter Claim: It is much too easy to assume that capitalism automatically safeguards democracy and human rights, by contrast with Communism. The horrors of apartheid were committed in the name of maintaining western values and defeating Communism, and were committed with the support of capitalist countries.
Problem Type: F: Fuzzy exceptional problems
Date of last update 14.02.2000 – 00:00 CET