Deterioration in international economic environment Instability of financial markets Financial destabilization of world trade Unregulated monetary markets Monetary instability International financial system instability Fluctuations in world monetary conditions Vulnerability of national economies
The stable expansion and balanced growth of world trade is hampered by instability of exchange rates, inadequate multilateral systems of payment, disequilibrium in balance of payments, and destructive national and international measures taken to correct maladjustments in balance of payments.
The prevailing anarchy of the world's unregulated financial markets, in which turnover approaches $3 trillion per day, is a constant source of instability to the world trading system.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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