Hooliganism can be defined as wanton destruction of property or injury to persons, sometimes involving theft, whether by a gang or a small group of (usually) young people. Injury to persons may vary from gang rape to assault on unsuspecting individuals (often old people) or inter-gang warfare. Hooliganism is characterized as a lack of self-control, love of malicious mischief, indifference to the comfort of suffering of others, idleness passing into dishonesty and crime, horseplay passing into violence. It may be expressed through petty rudeness. In areas characterized by hooliganism or yobbery, fear of attach prevents people from going out. When they do they are met by litter, graffiti and a brutal lack of consideration.
In the former USSR, hooliganism was a catch-all crime that in 1993 was still being used to charge people within the independent republics.
Spirited youth craves risk, excitement, danger. It cannot find fulfilment by polishing shoes and passing accountancy exams, but few alternatives are available. The more violent sports have traditionally been one way to work out aggression, but respectable society dislikes such recreations almost as much as war. The idea that the rude, violent streak in any culture can be removed is however a delusion. Throughout history it finds better and worse expressions, but it does not disappear.