The random firing of a gun from a moving vehicle, called "drive-by shooting", is responsible for the death and maiming of innocent people and for an accute sense of insecurity in many neighbourhoods that are often not otherwise visibly touched by criminal activities. Drive-by shootings are not necessarily related to gang warfare or any other previously recognized form of organized crime. They are totally random and unpredictable, thus increasing the fear they inspire.
There were 3500 drive-by shootings in Los Angeles in 1992. In southern California increasing attention is being given to the design of buildings, such as public schools, so as to make them less vulnerable to drive-by shootings.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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