The implicit, or explicit, assumption that European (or Euro-American) perspectives are in some way superior to those centred on other cultures or regions and as such deserves a privileged position in society and policy-making. This is sustained by the belief that Europe was the primary focal point of human history.
Development theory for a long time differentiated between two oppositional approaches, modernisation theory and dependency or world systems theory. The discourse of modernisation theory implicitly proclaims that the so-called "developed" world is superior to all "non-western" and "late-industrialising" countries. This resulted in a constant application of Eurocentric attitudes.