Human death is the cessation of life, physical and mental, characterized by total and permanent cessation of the functions or vital actions of the human organism.
More than 2.3 million died in 1998 in the USA. This amounts to approximately 471 deaths per 100,000 people. The top ten causes of death were: (1) heart disease, (2) cancer, (3) stroke, (4) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, (5) accidents, (6) pneumonia / influenza, (7) diabetes, (8) suicide, (9) nephritis, nephritic syndrome, and nephrosis and (10) chronic liver disease and cirrhosis.
Death is an affront to the individual's right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Death is the greatest psychical experience. Those reporting near-death experience, or who have been declared clinically dead but have nevertheless returned to life, report no great sorrow at leaving this life and a great reluctance or effort of will to return. In addition, death is sometimes welcomed as a liberation, because it puts an end to the strain of life or to suffering which for some people has become unbearable. It is also a 'vital' necessity to make room for new generations. Ultimately, death combats overpopulation.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.