Governmental policies are failing to keep pace with the growth in traffic which is adding to the problems of air pollution, climate change, noise, congestion and biodiversity/habitat loss.
The majority of Third World people get around on foot. In African countries like Kenya, more than 90% of rural trips are made on foot; less than three percent by car or bus. Cars are owned almost exclusively by businessmen, bureaucrats and foreigners. However, the World Bank, for example, spends $100 million on urban transport every year; most of that is car-related. Of the $2.1 billion spent in 1985 on transport, miniscule amounts were spent on non-motorized vehicles. The long-term effect of World Bank programmes has been to encourage transport systems which are both capital and energy intensive.