Restrictive effects of tradition-bound community decision-making
Experimental visualization of narrower problems
In small Third World communities, the methods of local decision-making depend heavily on traditional paternalistic patterns which frequently inhibit local development. Occasions that enable all the residents to express concern for the village's future seldom arise; there may be no facilities which enable the gathering of the whole community. The limited roles of informal leadership allow few opportunities to develop the methodological expertise which would realize its full potential. Strong individualism fostered by subsistence living acts against community cohesiveness; and an attitude of waiting for "them" to take care of us prevents significant undertakings being planned or actualized.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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