As regards national correctional systems, there appears to be a great need for the de-institutionalization of offenders, while at the same time ensuring the protection of the fundamental human rights of the accused and the upgrading of the training and professional qualifications of correctional personnel. The need for de-institutionalization of offenders, in many countries, can be attributed to judicial delay arising from, for example: complexities of and contradictions in the legal system; lack of alternatives to incarceration; population and prison growth; migration problems; lack of legal services. Another shortcoming of some correctional systems is the lack of diagnostic centres for observation and classification, a requisite for ensuring the progressive rehabilitation of offenders.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.