Reduced investment in small, inner-city enterprises
The present day tendency for business and industry to move towards developing large enterprises requiring massive capital investment has resulted in private financial support has being withdrawn from small business enterprises in many inner-city areas. The style of operation of such businesses may also obscure their investment potential. Local inner city businesses often project an image of high risk, low volume, and a short future. The current "redlining" practices of banks block loans for remodelling or expansion, and insurance companies may make it difficult to secure adequate coverage for reasonable rates. The heavy flow of residents' income outside their neighbourhoods further weakens the operating base by separating local enterprise from local capital. Beyond this, highly scattered employment patterns obscure the availability of a local labour pool for a potential local industry. Until the commercial and industrial potential of urban inner city communities becomes visible, desperately needed capital for business, industrial and housing developments will be denied.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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