Deterioration of staple food production

Other Names:
Overproduction of non-food crops
Dependence on import of staple foods
Dependence on food imports
Food import dependency
Inadequate staple food supply

Non-food crops (such as tea, coffee, cocoa, flowers, sisal and sugarcane) take up vast tracts of land; and while they may sustain many tropical nations' economies, they also make those nations largely dependent on developed, temperate zone countries – usually the USA and the USSR – to provide their daily staples.


[Developing countries] In many developing countries policies are biased against domestic production and in favour of imports of staple foods, which are also often themselves subsidized, or the expansion of cash crops, which means increased area devoted to their cultivation. Some food aid policies and subsidized exports by developed countries compound the biases against sound agricultural development.

More than 50% of the Caribbean's arable land is planted with crops for export; 66% in Guadeloupe; and 30% of land in East Java grows sugarcane.

The global grain supply has basically remained stagnant since 1990, while the world's population has increased by 420 million people. The problem is compounded by increasing grain-intensive meat production and consumption, particularly in Asia.

Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
Problem Type:
D: Detailed problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST