Cattle diseases

Experimental visualization of narrower problems
Other Names:
Diseases of cows

Cattle, taurine cattle, or European cattle (Bos taurus or Bos primigenius taurus) are large domesticated cloven-hooved herbivores. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos. Depending on sex, they are referred to as cows (female) or bulls (male).

Cattle are commonly raised as livestock for meat (beef or veal, see beef cattle), for milk (see dairy cattle), and for hides, which are used to make leather. They are used as riding animals and draft animals (oxen or bullocks, which pull carts, plows and other implements). Another product of cattle is their dung, which can be used to create manure or fuel.

Around 10,500 years ago, taurine cattle were domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors in central Anatolia, the Levant and Western Iran. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), there are approximately 1.5 billion cattle in the world as of 2018. Cattle are the main source of greenhouse gas emissions from livestock, and were responsible for 9% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2005. In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a fully mapped genome.

Broader Problems:
Animal diseases
Related Problems:
Goat diseases
Sheep diseases
Problem Type:
D: Detailed problems
Date of last update
20.05.2019 – 16:40 CEST