Dependence of countries on export of limited range of raw materials
Economic dependence of developing countries on export of primary commodities Unplanned expansion of economic base Single product operation Single product economy Single resource thinking Unplanned production scale Undiversified commodity-dependent countries
Dependence on few commodities has remained high in many developing countries. Rather than diversification of commodity patterns of trade, in several countries concentration has increased over the past decade; only a few countries have made tangible progress in diversification, primarily based on agro-business. High levels of investment in and substantial rationalization of the commodity sector in many developing countries have resulted mainly in productivity increases benefiting world markets, but only to a small extent in benefits for producers.
Low commodity prices are detrimental to the producing countries because they force them to sell their limited supplies at "give-away" prices. It is detrimental to industrial countries in the long run because these low prices hinder the necessary development of resource productivity. In this way a "lose-lose" situation is created in which no one benefits. The future consumer in both the richer and poor countries becomes the victim of this wastefulness.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.