Dependence on international insecurity Lack of international security Violation of international peace Violation of international security Threats to international peace and security
International insecurity results from the power relations of nation states. In the national sense 'insecurity' refers to the condition of a nation which is inadequately defended against dangers or aggression threatening its independence or territory from the outside. National and international insecurity are tied together and a contributory factor is the ever increasing destructiveness of wars. International insecurity may arise from the complexity of the strategic balance between superpowers and the arms race, from the persistence of armed conflicts, from the question of existing state borders and territorial claims. The attainment of national aims of a State and limitation of its freedom of action may also be effected by indirect economic and other non-military coercive action. The importance of non-military dangers in international life is growing rather than diminishing. Conflicts which would most likely have been expressed in the past by the application of military force, may now be implemented by the use of indirect coercive measures, economic or political. There are other potential factors of international insecurity, namely the threat of nuclear war, the economic imbalance between developed and developing countries, world food shortages, global pollution, and earth resources.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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