Food insecurity

Experimental visualization of narrower problems
Other Names:
Food scarcity
Food deficit
Food shortage
Dependence on food
Declining food security

Food insecurity is a complex condition with four main dimensions: availability, access, utilization and stability. Food insecurity can be chronic or transitory. Chronic food insecurity implies a long-term or persistent inability to meet the minimal nutritional requirements. Transitory food insecurity is the short-term inability to meet required nutritional intake, and implies a capacity for recovery. Cyclical food insecurity, which occurs when there are habitual seasonal variations in the food security situation can be either chronic (if it lasts more than six months), or transitory (if it lasts less than six months).


The true incidence of food insecurity is debatable, as food security is a complex condition for which the appropriate measurement techniques have not yet been refined.

Common indicators used to measure food insecurity include: prevalence of undernourishment in all demographics; children aged  <5 years stunted; children aged <5 years underweight; and children aged <5 years wasted. More modern and holisitic approaches also consider indicators such as: political stability and road density.

Hundreds of millions of people in different parts of the world, especially in the low-income countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, still go without the adequate food which would enable them to lead fully productive working lives. Grains form more than half the world's direct food supply in most poor countries. Some rich countries consume less grain directly, but they consume grain at over twice the rate per capita of poor countries indirectly in the form of meat and beverages.





World Food Programme (WFP)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Global Alliance for the Future of Food
People&#039;s Coalition on Food Sovereignty (PCFS)
Asian Food Security Association (AFSA)
Asian Food and Agriculture Cooperation Initiative (AFACI)
European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics (EurSafe)
International Society of Food, Agriculture and Environment (ISFAE)
Southeast Asian Council for Food Security and Fair Trade (SEACON)
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP)
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
Food Security Cluster (FSC)
Food Assistance Committee (FAC)
International Network of Resource Centers on Urban Agriculture and Food Security (RUAF Foundation)
International NGO/CSO Planning Committee for Food Sovereignty (IPC)
Joint Programming Initiative on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change (FACCE-JPI)
New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition
Asia Pacific Network on Food Sovereignty (APNFS)
Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition (GLOPAN)
Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS)
Global FoodBanking Network (GFN)
Foundation for Sustainable Food Security in Central West Africa (SADAOC Foundation)
Food for the Hungry (fh)
Food Crisis Prevention Network
Food and Nutrition Foundation of Central America and Panama
Fairfood International
International Emergency Food Reserve (IEFR)
International Food Security Network (IFSN)
Food Basket Foundation International (FBFI)
Food and Agricultural Research Management (FARM-Africa)
Eurasian Center for Food Security
Conservation, Food and Health Foundation
Canadian Foodgrains Bank (CFGB)
Belgian Fund for Food Security (BFFS)
Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition Foundation (BCFN Foundation)
Alliance for Food Aid
Thought For Food (TFF)
Sustainable Food Trust (SFT)
Right to Food and Nutrition Watch Consortium
Food for the Poor (FFP)
Food Tank
Friends of the World Food Programme (Friends of WFP)
Institute for Food and Development Policy (Food First)
International Centre of Water for Food Security (IC Water)
Sustainable, Innovative and United Agriculture and Food Network
Action Against Hunger
Alliance Against Hunger and Malnutrition (AAHM)
Hunger Project
World Community Fund Against Hunger
Alliance to End Hunger
Catholic Committee Against Hunger and for Development (CCFD-Terre Solidaire)
Congressional Hunger Center (CHC)
Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization (ECHO)
Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa
Presbyterian Hunger Program (PHP)
Stop Hunger Now
United Against Hunger (UAH)
World Hunger Year (WHY)
World Hunger Education Service (WHES)
European Campaign for Peoples&#039; Right to Feed Themselves
Feed the Children
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 2: Zero Hunger
Problem Type:
C: Cross-sectoral problems
Date of last update
04.10.2020 – 22:48 CEST