The setback to development in the 1980s was largely induced by the deflationary external economic environment resulting from the restrictive macro-economic policies of the major market economy countries. Such policies did not even serve the interests of those countries, which had reduced inflation, but had triggered high unemployment rates, external imbalances, growing trade tensions and, above all, negative growth rates. It was however the developing countries that were hardest hit, particularly the poorest and least developed. For them the crisis meant collapsing commodity prices, worsening terms of trade, intensified protectionist and discriminatory measures, contracting financial flows, unstable exchange rates and monetary markets, and the burgeoning debt problem.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.