Political intervention by transnational corporations
Undisclosed influence of transnational corporations on global policy-making
Transnational corporations may occasionally actively promote subversive political intervention in the domestic affairs of host, particularly developing, countries. Such intervention is incompatible with the long-term existence of transnational corporations in host countries and infringes upon national sovereignty. Regional political influence, if not intervention, may also be attained by foreign investors, and this may be facilitated by the assistance and incentives given to transnational corporations by colonial governments, either by increasing the number of transnationals or by strengthening them directly and indirectly.
Covert action may be taken by transnational corporations to influence foreign and domestic policy by utilizing their broad financial power and their often close relationship with government cadres. They may lobby for or against governments of host countries, depending on whether or not they receive specially favourable terms or treatment. In host countries, the affiliates can seek to support particular political parties of their choice and they can rally against groups advocating social reforms.
The national willingness to subordinate local welfare to imported claims by transnational corporations no longer exists as it did earlier in this century. Those transnational corporations which stay in business do so because they provide benefits for their host countries commensurate with the profits they receive. At the forefront of the much-heralded "global village" which is so enriching to society today are transnationals. Where others approach global harmony in abstraction, these are families and individuals who practically engage in the face-to-face effort to build bridges between cultures and nations. Perhaps the most important force that exists today to counter the wanton destructiveness of the chauvinistic nation state is the transnational corporation.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.