Reallocation of aid funds to alternative priorities
Regional transfers of development capital Unbridled competition for aid funding Fashionable aid
Development aid funds, originally scheduled for developing countries, may be diverted to alternative priorities such as the emerging democracies of eastern Europe.
In 1991, many civil rights cases in South Africa were not able to have legal representation because of cuts in traditional sources of funding, largely attributed to competition with eastern European causes. Human rights laws firms faced a financial crisis as a result, and lawyers were frequently before their cases come to trial through lack of payment of fees.
Channelling funds into eastern Europe beyond its legitimate needs poses great danger of an explosion and a further deterioration of the North-South relationship.
Total foreign direct investment flows in 1993 amounted to $195 billion, of which flows to all of Africa were just $3 billion and to Central and Eastern Europe only $5 billion. Thus fears that FDI flows to this region would be at the expense of developing countries do not appear to have been justified.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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